Borobudur Temple


Borobudur temple is built of many layers of Buddhist theory.From a birds eye view,the Temple is in the shape of a traditional Buddhist mandala.A mandala is central to great deal of Buddhist and Hindu art. Basic from Hindu and Buddhist is  square four entry points. Circular centre point.working feom the exterior and interior three zone of consciousness are represented.

Acording to this Buddhist cosmology, universe is divided in to three major zones.

# The firt section call ” Kamadhatu” wich describes the human lives wich have able to control desires which is described by the fondation section.

# The second section called “Rupadhatu” which describes human lives which have able to control desires yet still bound by forms

# The third section called ” Arupadhatu” which describes nirwana and sunyata world, describes by 3 terraces in form of circles.

Borobudur temple was Left to the ravages of nature in between the 12th to 14th Century when the power of Java shifted to east of the island.The reason for this shift is unknown,but is often speculated that there was a volcanic eruption and people moved away from it.

In 1815 Raffles commissioned  an initial clean up ,where 200 labourer spent 45 days felling trees and moving earth from the remains. Many areas of the beautiful Temple were sagging.

In 1907 a large scale restore was carried out under Dutchman Van Erp that finished in 1911. Work was significant and definitely safeguarded Temple for some time. However, many pieces were not put back in the original position during the restoration.

In 1956 another assessment of the beautiful Temple was made by Belgian expert who was sent by UNESCO.His assessment concluded that water damage was significant ,and would need to be stemmed if the beautiful Temple was eroding,the fondation were being weakened and also the reliefs were being eroded.

 

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